Sunday, 29 January 2017

10 Tallest Buildings in The World

When speaking of building height. a great deal of debate and confusion of the various groups in determining the criteria and definitions.Because of the high rise buildings that were built by humans most of the structure of radio or television broadcast tower, which raata average has a height of about 600 meters.As things are debated are:- What is the structure of the disputed guy-wire can be calculated height?- Is only calculate the height of a habitable?- Is the antenna on the roof-top can be calculated?- What is the structure of which is under water also calculated its height?But behind the debate, here Khabuka will only list the highest buildings in the form of a building in accordance with the above title, and maybe it's included with all that is on the roof. And following 10 List of tallest buildings in the world:
 1. Burj Khalifa
    Location: Dubai, United Arab Emirates
In the wake of the year: 2004
Opened in: 4 -1-2010
Altitude: 828 m
Top floor 6,213 m
Number of floors: 160 floors
At the time of its opening Burj Khalifa became the highest building of any building in the world. And also at the time kept passing builded Burj Khalifa tallest buildings, among them:Pan or passed the position of Taipei 101 as the tallest building in the world on July 21, 2007. At the same time through a height of CN Tower as a structure-free (without stand) is the highest in the world and on April 7, 2008 the tallest structure in the world of KVLY-TV mast located in Blanchard, North Dakota, United States successfully passed. Warsaw radio mast 645.4 m (2,120 ft) was made in 1974 (but collapsed during renovation in 1991) successfully passed on 1 September 2008. The other record of this tower is has the fastest elevator with a speed of 60 km / h or 16.7 m / s , And building with the most floors yaitu160 floor.
 2. Abraj Al-Bait
Height: 601 m
Location: Mecca, Saudi Arabia
Number of floors: 120 floor
Year of manufacture: 2004-2012
Opened in: 2012
Abraj Al-Bait Tower also known by the name of Mecca Royal Hotel Clock Tower. It's interesting that these towers are located near the south entrance of the Grand Mosque.There are seven towers with a tower called Hotel Tower has a height above 6 other tower (601m high) is devoted to apartments, Hotel Tower be a seven-star hotel. Buildings under seven tower is filled with 5 floors of shopping centers, conference rooms, and facilities (including space worship that could accommodate up to 10,000 people) Construction Abraj Al Bait began in 2004, and gradually-stage the seventh tower was completed and most recently completed of the seven towers are towers Maqam. (Business hospitality which longer be grown in the city is also not independent of the number of pilgrims, therefore Abraj Al Bait towers is also designed to be able to accommodate up to with 100,000 people). 
3. Taipei 101
Height: 509 m
Location: Taipei, Taiwan
Number of floors: 101
The opening of the year: 31-12-2004
In many aspects, this building is one of the most advanced skyscraper ever built man until now. has the advantages of fiber optic and satellite Internet connection that can reach speeds of 1 gigabyte per second. Two of the fastest lift has been provided by Toshiba, which reached a maximum speed of 1,010 m / min (63km / h or 39 miles / hour) means able to bring visitors from the ground floor to the 89th floor in 39 seconds. A pendulum weighing 800 tons is installed on the 88th floor, stabilizing the tower to sway arising from earthquakes, hurricanes and the shear force of the wind.
4. The Shanghai World Financial Center
      Location: Pudong, Shanghai, China
      In the wake of: 1997- 2008
      Opened:August 28, 2009
      Top floor:474.0m
     Numberof floors:101
  The most distinctive feature of the design of this building is a trapezoid aperture at the top. The original design specified that the circular aperture, diameter 46m, to reduce the pressure of the wind pressure, and serves as a subtext for the design, because "Chinese mythology the earth and sky with a square with a circle". However, the initial design began facing protests from some Chinese people, including the mayor of Shanghai, Chen Liangyu, who considered too similar to the rising sun Japanese flag design. Pedersen then suggested that the bridge is placed on the bottom to make it less circular aperture. On October 18 2005. and more unique if noticed this building resembles a giant corkscrew.
5.International commerece Centre
    Height: 484 m
    Location: West Kowloon, Hong Kong
    Built year: 2005-2010
    Opened in: 2011
    Number of floors: 108
 ICC Tower This is part of the Union Square project built on top of Kowloon Station. The development is owned and developed by MTR Corporation Limited and Sun Hung Kai Properties. Currently the ICC is the fifth tallest building in the world by height, the second tallest building in the world by the number of floors, as well as the tallest building in Hong Kong.
Formal development name is Union Square Phase 7 and ICCsecara name was officially announced in 2005.
6. Petronas Twin Towers
     Height: 451.9 m
     Location: Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
     Built year: 1992-1998
     Opened in: 1988
     Number of floors: 88 floor
Petronas towers are two twin skyscrapers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia which time the tallest building in the world is seen from a high main entrance to the highest part of the structure.
The tower was designed by Adamson Associates Architects, Canada along with Cesar Pelli of Cesar Pelli of Cesar Pelli & Associates Architects United States, with interior designs that reflect the Islamic culture that took root in Malaysia. On October 17, 2003, Taipei 101 took record of the twin towers of the Petronas Twin Towers this.But still holds the title of world's tallest twin towers.
7. Zifeng Tower
    Location: Nanjing, China
    Height: 450 m
    Completed in: 2009
    Opened in: 2009
    Number of floors: 89
Zifeng Tower aka Greenland Center-Zifeng Tower or Greenland Square Zifeng Tower, consisting of retail and office space at the bottom, and restaurant, hotel, and a public observatory near the top.
8. Willis Tower
     Location: Chicago, USA
    Height: 442 m
    Built year: 1997- 1973
    Number of floors: 108
 Willis Tower, formerly known as Sears Tower On completion in 1973, it was the tallest building in the world, surpassing the World Trade Center towers in New York, and held this position for nearly 25 years. Willis Tower is the tallest building in the United States and the seventh tallest freestanding structure in the world. The skyscraper is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Chicago, and more than one million people visit the 'observation deck' every year.
Although Sears' management rights expired in 2003, the building even then still called Sears Tower for several years. In March 2009, London-based insurance broker Willis Group Holdings agreed to lease part of the building, and acquiring naming rights building. And on July 16, 2009, the building was officially renamed Willis Tower.
9. Jin Mao Building
    Location: Shanghai, China
    High: 420,5m
    Opened in: August 28, 1998
    Number of floors: 88
 Jin Mao Tower It contains offices and the Shanghai Grand Hyatt Hotel. Until 2007 it was the tallest building in the PRC, the fifth tallest in the world by roof height and the seventh tallest by pinnacle ketinggian.Dan JMT adjacent to Shanghai World Financial Center.
10. Two International Finance Centre
       Location: Hong Kong
       Height: 415 m
       Built years: 1997- 2003
       Opened year: 2003
       Number of floors: 88
International Finance Centre is an integrated commercial development on the edge of the Central District of Hong Kong. IFC Tower has also become the second tallest building in Hong Kong, behind the International commerece Centre in West Kowloon. Juga fourth tallest building in the Greater China region and the eighth tallest office building in the world based on the structural height, to roof height, only the Taipei 101, Shanghai World Financial Center, Willis Tower, International commerece Centre and Burj Khalifa exceed it. IFC heights similar to the World Trade Center had collapsed.

Bottle Houses Bandung Mayor Ridwan Kamil

Modern home is the result of the exploration of the mass, structure and proportion, supported by innovative design also advanced technology, all focused in order to obtain the creation of a new brand. By exploring creative ideas, this house features wrap aesthetic and functional design. Ridwan Kamil, the designer is also the owner has successfully designed a modern house in the land trapezoidal structure and a floating element.The main building is U-shaped, thus making the interior layout is separated. Ridwan composed room between the rooms, opening one to the other through a transparent and domination play grill in the interior line. Each of the rooms connect to one another with a space next to the next. For example, the front parlor directly connected to the living room, but separated by a difference floor.For the interior, Ridwan Kamil make the place as comfortable as possible. For the living room, he put the Arne Jacobsen Egg chair in a contrasting color red to the room so that makes this so interesting. A red lazy lounge in the courtyard will be the focal point in place (you can see the concrete structure that encloses the recliner red). Maybe you get inspiration about the modern home. There is minimal use of paint. As a substitute, there are textured materials such as natural stone, wallpaper, wood paneling, iron grill, and few materials that meet the board interior. I like the idea to decorate a modern bathroom in red. With the addition of natural stone for packaging floor, glazed tile in shades of this place to be more attractive and eye catching.

Ridwan Kamil Indonesia is a young architect of international reputation. Big name and his works became the inspiration for many other young architects in Indonesia. In addition to a busy work as an architect, Ridwan Kamil also be initiators and Director of Bandung Creative City Forum. One of the architectural masterpiece Ridwan Kamil is their home itself.
Located in the cool temperate city, Bandung, Indonesia, the architect who is familiarly called as Emil builds his house out of 30,000 glass bottles former energy drinks. Emil chose a bottle of this famous brand energy drinks because he thinks the bottle is not recovered by the owner of the industry to be refilled, as is usually done by soft drink bottles that are circulating on the market. Emil collect tens of thousands of used glass bottles it for 2 years! It shows the commitment that is very high on design concepts and ideas to reduce waste in the city at the same time.
"I was annoyed when my hometown, Bandung, Bandung Lautan once dubbed the Trash," he said in an opportunity to address a TEDx, independent TED event held in Jakarta in July 2010. Besides the idea of ​​using brown glass bottle also comes from his habit of attention to the workers who frequently consume these beverages. "The brown color of the glass are also in harmony with the color of the wood," he said as quoted from
In addition to the bottle to mix and match the design of the house with wood, Emil arrangement also incorporates a bottle with glass block in some parts. In order to minimize the use of paint on the outside of the building, the architect also let some of the concrete is exposed and display the natural color of concrete. Accentuating the contrast obtained from the use of furniture and other interior elements in the interior of the house.
His hard work was not in vain, in 2009 Emil Green Design Award 2009 awarded by BCI Asia, beating at least 80 other participants from 8 countries, namely Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines, Hong Kong and China. The house that stood on the land trapezoid-shaped area of ​​373 square meters is feasible labeled green is not just because it is built of waste glass bottles locally, but also because of the nature of glass opaque allow incoming sunlight during the day to make this building is able to save on the use of light bulbs at noon.

Unique buildings are Made of Unique Material

The residence is an urgent need in addition to clothing, as to have a place to shelter at least be able to protect people from exposure to the weather that is currently difficult to predict. But to get a place to stay was not easy, especially with the price of building materials are expensive. But the man who has a sense, creative and innovative always discount the way to overcome these problems. Here we summarize the five buildings are made of a unique material:
1. Home Plastic Bottles
Recycle materials that can not be decomposed naturally now intensively conducted by lovers and environmentalists, in addition to being an alternative material also can prevent further damage to the ecology. Being alternative materials because it is cheap and easy to obtain, such as beverage bottles. As in Taiwan, there is an exhibition space that the building materials made from the composition of bottles.
While in third world countries, some people must have shelter made of metallic materials were rusted and it was not healthy. While using the arrangement of bottles (already cleaned) indoor air can circulate quickly, and incoming light can be set, especially, the bright lights of sunlight coming through colorful bottles.
2. Home Used Tires
Millions of vehicle tires made of rubber disposed of each year, is burned or recycled. But there is also using old tires as a base material to make a home. Tires are arranged in such a way that has the strength and toughness, so it is good to be used as a wall of the house. And the rubber is a material that quickly absorbs heat, hot and cold, so that the air in the room houses the tire will be stabilized. And for those who do not like the color or smell, the wall can be coated by the wall paper or other plaster.
3. Buddhist Temple Of Beer Bottles
The latter is different from the second list above because it is a building which used to crowds and worship. Wat Pa Maha Chedi there is a Buddhist temple in Thailand, but that makes it unique is the mosaic walls are made of the composition of a beer bottle. In addition to making a mosaic, this bottle wall may at any time give a beautiful light in the temple. The monks who built this temple hopes that more people can take advantage of second-hand goods that are still useful. Especially of goods they buy as bottled drinks and so on.

10 Most Unique Buildings in the World

Ordinary buildings built with the usual style, but not with the 10 building following its odd shape Constructing buildings building berikutini unique tanpak nah you want to know any kind of building it refer 10 Building the World's Most Unique below.
1.Cubic Houses, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Modern architecture has given the world many stunning buildings.
Unique shape, ambitious designs, new materials, and different styles have been applied to modern architecture in the construction of the current building. The purpose of the building is not always visible in the design.
Piet Blom had an idea cubic houses in 1970. There are several buildings built in Helmond and when the city of Rotterdam asked him to build housing on a pedestrian bridge he chose this concept.
2.Dancing Building, Prague, Czech Republic
 'Dancing Building' is the nickname given to the Nationale-Nederlanden building located in the center of Prague. Designed by Croatian-Czech architect Vlado Milunic collaboration with Frank Gehry, the building was completed in 1996.
3. The Ufo House, Sanjhih, Taiwan
Ufo home in Sanjhih, Taiwan is actually a resort project. It earned the nickname Ufo building for an odd futuristic design.
4.Kansas City Public Library, Missouri, United States
As an incentive to visit the library in downtown Kansas design is made in the form of books, Indeed looks to be a suitable building for storing books.
5.Ferdinand Cheval Palace, France
Ferdinand Cheval Palace was built by a postman in Hauterives, France, which is intended to use it as her own grave but have not received a license for it. The building is now known throughout the world.
6.Forest Spiral Hundertwasser Building, Darmstadt, Germany
Forests Spiral Hundertwasser was built in 2000. Designed by an architect and pelukisAustria, Friedensreich Hundertwasser, the building has 105 apartments and features a colorful and organic design.
7.Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao, Spain
Nervion Guggenheim Museum is a museum of modern and contemporary art designed by Canadian-American architect Frank Gehry. Silhouette of the building resembles a ship, design a random distinguished by its architects to catch the light.
8.Baha'i House of Worship or Lotus Temple, Delhi, India
Baha'i House of Worship mostly known as the Lotus Temple was built in 1986 and is the Mother Temple of the Indian subcontinent. The building is open to people of all faiths.
9.Ripley's Building, Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada
Known for a collection of strange things and unbelievable and artifacts Ripley's Believe It or Not !.
10.Crooked House, Sopot, Poland
Built in 2003, this Crooked House designs created by Polish artist Marcin Szancer January and illustrator of children's books Per Dahlberg.

5 Unusual Architecture in Indonesia

How does it feel to sleep in the bottle house or in a dome-shaped house? Or praying in a temple-shaped mosque or in a mosque that resembled a famous cathedral in Russia?
Followings are five unique architectures in Indonesia that will amaze or perhaps even inspire you.
1. Gunongan in Aceh
Gunongan is a unique mountain-shaped building constructed by Sultan Iskandar Muda in the early 17th century. Rumor has it that gunongan was constructed to cure the longing of the sultan’s wife, Princess Phang, to her hometown in Pahang, Malaysia, which was surrounded by hills. The height of the building which is located in Teuku Umar street is around 9.5 meters and is consisted of three floors.
2. Dome-shaped Houses in Yogyakarta
You may still remember the great earthquake that struck Yogyakarta and surrounding areas in 2006. The earthquake not only claimed thousand lives but also destroyed thousand buildings and houses. In order to prevent similar disaster in the future, a foreign NGO designed an earthquake proof house. The interesting part is that the architecture of this building is very unique, with its dome structure that resembles an eskimo or Teletubbies house!
The construction of these earthquake-proof houses has changed the landscape of the village which makes it different from other nearby villages. Interested to see the houses yourself? Go to Ngelepen Sub-Village, Sumberharjo Village, Prambanan, Yogyakarta.
3. The Bottle House in Bandung
Energy drink is not only useful for improving the body stamina but can also be used to strengthen a house. The Bandung Mayor’s residence in Cigadung street, Bandung, is the perfect example for this.
It use energy drink bottles for the building construction. The use of these bottles were not only function to support the building but also enable the sunlight burst through them. Therefore, you will not need to turn on the lights during the day.
The unique architecture was awarded Green Design Award by BCI (Building Construction Information) Asia in 2009. In addition to helping reduce the amount of waste, it can also reduce the use of air conditioners because the hot air will be trapped inside the bottle. This will eventually reduce electricity consumption and save cost.
4. “Temple” Mosque in Surabaya
Muhammad Cheng Hoo Mosque in Surabaya is located in Gading street Surabaya. This mosque has an unusual shape due to its resemblance to a Chinese temple. The mosque was established by Chinese Muslim community of Surabaya and was completed in 2002. The Chinese architectural style dominates this mosque, from the doorway that resembles a Chinese pagoda to the presence of dragon relief and lion statues.
The name of Cheng Ho is derived from the name of an admiral of Ming Dynasty, China, who led an expedition to Indonesia in early 15th century. The building itself was inspired by Niu Jie Mosque in Beijing and also influenced by Middle Eastern and Javanese architectural styles.
5. “Kremlin” Mosque in Jogja
If you travel from Jogja to Solo, don’t forget to visit “Kremlin” or “Lollipop” Mosque in Solo street, Candisari,  Kalasan, Sleman. This mosque is unique because the dome resembles the St. Basil’s Cathedral dome in Red Square, Moscow, Russia. Many people mistakenly believe that the building is a game centre or a souvenir shop due to the unique and colourful architecture that looks like a candy or fairy castle. The exterior was Russian-inspired. However, it turned out that the pulpit and the interior of An-Nurumi Mosque features a Javanese architectural style.
Curious to witness with your own eyes?